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ANALYSIS PARAMETERS

1. Dry Matter; the remaining contents in the samples except of the water are calculated. Dry Matter is the most basic value for the rations made on the basis of DM especially in ruminant feeding.

2. Crude Ash; It is the percent expression of the amount of ash composed of inorganic substances  in a feeding.  It gives information about the amount of crude ash on the feed on the mineral matter coverage of the feed.

3. Undissolved ash in Acid; Foreign matter such as dust, soil and gravel particles mixed in feeds are also evaluated in the crude ash. On that case it is the analysis parameter that is used to determine such kinds of foreign substances.

4. Crude Protein; It indicates the total amount of protein contained in a feed ingredient. Protein is the sum of substances such as amides, acid amides, free amino acids, simplepeptides, nitrogenous glycosides, amines, nucleic acids, betaine, xanthine.

5. Crude fat; It indicates total amount of fat contained in a feed ingredient. ıt is the sum of substances such as Triglycerides, phosphatides, cerebrosides, sterilizers, etheric oils, coloring matter (chlorophyll, xanthophyll, carotene), oil-soluble vitamins.

6. Crude Cellulose; It indicates the total amount of cellulose contained in a feed ingredient and includes Cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin as well.

7. Sugar; is a parameter that affects the energy value, especially in the feed of monogastric animals.

8. Starch; Ration cellulose (crude feed) digestion is reduced in feeds with excess starch content. Thats why it is the analysis parameter that should be measured in order to avoid the inconveniences in the yields and rations.

9. NDF which constitutes the plant structure and cell wall material of the feeds, consist of hemicellulose, cellulose, lignin and nitrogen bound to the cell wall and aside undissolved ash.They insoluble in the neutral detergent solution. They can be soluabled in Hemicellulose and cell wall nitrogen NDF solution.
The constituents of NDF can not be destroyed by ruminant digestive enzymes (intestine enzymes). Hence, structural carbohydrates are subjected to microbial fermentation by microorganisms (protozoa, fungi and bacteria)  found in their rumen thanks to their unique stomach structures before ruminant enzymatic digestion by ruminants.The NDF is always needed in order to boost the yield to the highest level in ruminants and sustainability of herd health. The ratios of ruminants should consist of coarse feeds with optimum NDF content with adequate particle size for optimal chewing activity, rumen fermentation, milk fat percentage and good dry matter consumption.It is an analysis parameter designed to get an idea of all these issues.

10. ADF; It is obtained by subtracting the content of hemicellulose from the content of NDF (neutral detergent insoluble fiber) of milled and dried feed.It gives an idea of the quality of the feed.The digestibility and energy value of high content of ADF feeds is low.

11. ADL; It is a compound that affects the ability of animals to digest the grass. The lignin content of the plant is getting increase as the plant matures. For this reason, in terms of nutrition it is important for the plant to increase its age and reducing its digestibility . It is the analysis parameter to get an idea about the issue of the Plant.

12. Calcium; It is the most found essential macro mineral in the body of all animals. In the inadequate of Calcium; growth stops, weakness in bone and scapula, yield of milk and egg falls, milk fever, tetani, maternal suffering births are caused. It is an analysis parameter to measure the level of this mineral.

13. Total Phosphorus; It is also an essential macro-mineral like calcium. In the absence of phosphore; appetite disorder called pica causes appetite disorder animals eat foreign materials like wood and fabric fragments; causes reproductive disorders and fever cycle disorders. It is an analysis parameter that measures the level of this mineral.

14. Salt; It is important both appetizer and being a mineral nutrient which is needed by all animals. Especially in grass-eating animals need more salt. In the inadequate of Salt, decreased appetite, loss of live weight, drop in milk yield and opaqueness in the eyes taken place.Negative effects are also seen in the excess of the Salt. It is an analysis parameter to measure the level of this mineral.

15. Urea; it is an analysis paramaters in order to determine the urea which have been putted to show the raw protein in high level in to the content of protein sourced raw materials.

16. Urease activity; Soybean and its products which are one of the most commonly used protein sources in poultry feed, contain Tripsininhibitor, a substance that reduces the activity of enzymes that aid in protein digestion.This ingredient loses its activity by cooking and loses its effect.For this reason, it is necessary to cook and / or roast the soya used in the poultry feed.Urease activity analysis is carried out as a measure of whether a soybean or soybean product is cooked to the best of its ability.In addition to the above analyzes NDICP (neutral detergent insoluble protein), ADICP (acid detergent insoluble protein), real protein and insoluble protein analysis in BP are also performed.The results of these analyzes and other parameters used in ration preparation can also be found by calculation methods.
These are below mentioned as follows;
(ByPass Protein), RUP,% HP,% 4 (ByPass Protein), RUP digestibility%, ME, N% Fraction A,% HP, N Fraction B,% HP, N Fraction C,% HP, RUP,% HP, Nel-3X, Mcal / Kg, Nal-3X, Mcal / Kg, Nal-4X, Mcal / Kg, NEG-3X, Mcal / Kg.